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解決 Python [SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED] certificate verify failed

解決 Python [SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED] certificate verify failed

最近在測試 wit.ai 語音辨識過程出現 CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED 錯誤,原因是 Python 3.6 之後的版本更改了 OpenSSL 協定,因此需要手動進行更新

Could not request results ; recognition connection failed: [SSL: CERTIFICATE_VERIFY_FAILED] certificate verify failed: unable to get local issuer certificate (ssl.c:1056)
Could not request results from Wit.ai service; recognition connection failed: [SSL: CERTIFICATE
VERIFY_FAILED] certificate verify failed: unable to get local issuer certificate (_ssl.c:1056)

方法一

啟動 Spotlight Search

並且在搜尋欄位貼上 Install Certificates.command

方法二

或者,透過下方 bash 方式安裝

建立 fix-ssl.bash

#!/bin/sh

/Library/Frameworks/Python.framework/Versions/3.7/bin/python3.7 << "EOF"

# install_certifi.py
#
# sample script to install or update a set of default Root Certificates
# for the ssl module.  Uses the certificates provided by the certifi package:
#       https://pypi.org/project/certifi/

import os
import os.path
import ssl
import stat
import subprocess
import sys

STAT_0o775 = ( stat.S_IRUSR | stat.S_IWUSR | stat.S_IXUSR
             | stat.S_IRGRP | stat.S_IWGRP | stat.S_IXGRP
             | stat.S_IROTH |                stat.S_IXOTH )

def main():
    openssl_dir, openssl_cafile = os.path.split(
        ssl.get_default_verify_paths().openssl_cafile)

    print(" -- pip install --upgrade certifi")
    subprocess.check_call([sys.executable,
        "-E", "-s", "-m", "pip", "install", "--upgrade", "certifi"])

    import certifi

    # change working directory to the default SSL directory
    os.chdir(openssl_dir)
    relpath_to_certifi_cafile = os.path.relpath(certifi.where())
    print(" -- removing any existing file or link")
    try:
        os.remove(openssl_cafile)
    except FileNotFoundError:
        pass
    print(" -- creating symlink to certifi certificate bundle")
    os.symlink(relpath_to_certifi_cafile, openssl_cafile)
    print(" -- setting permissions")
    os.chmod(openssl_cafile, STAT_0o775)
    print(" -- update complete")

if __name__ == '__main__':
    main()
EOF

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